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托福阅读策略5大知识点

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发表时间:2020-02-13 17:44

要搞好托福阅读考题必须把握一定对策,掌握题目、考察点这些。小姐姐今天为大伙儿讲解托福阅读对策涉及的一些必备的托福阅读知识要点,期望对大伙儿有一定的协助。

托福阅读除开英语词汇量很大之外,句子成分繁杂都是托福阅读的阻碍之一。应对难句,务必快速把握其主干和重点,由于考题时涉及参考答案的关键是语句的主干和重点,针对语句简单化

    1.定语(包含后置定语与定语从句)

    2.同位语

    3.并列结构

    4.that引导的各种从句

    5.插入结构

    6.独立主格

    7.倒装句

    8.强调句

    9.虚拟语气

托福培训

  对于不同类型的难句,把握主干的方法也不一样。以倒装句为例,主要有下列情况:

    1.方位副词放在句首

    Herein lay the beginning of what ultimately turned from ignorance to denial of the value of nutritional therapies in medicine。

    2.介词放在句首

    Among the species of seabirds that use the windswept cliffs of the Atlantic coast of Canada in the summer to mate, lay eggs, and rear their young are common murres, Atlantic puffins, black-legged kittiwakes, and northern gannets。

    3. 形容词放在句首

    Implicit in it is an aesthetic principle as well: that the medium has certain qualities of beauty and expressiveness with which sculptors must bring own aesthetic sensibilities into harmony。

    4.过去分词放在句首

    Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”, the film has never been, in the full sense of the word, silent。

    5.现在分词放在句首

    Missing until recently were fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans

  句子倒装的目的主要有两个:

  一是被提前的部分被强调,如上述的第四句:Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”,其中的accustomed按照正常语序应该放在are之后:Though we are accustomed to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”。之所以将accustomed提前,是为了强调它。

  二是为了句子的平衡,否则将导致头重脚轻的效果,如上述的第一句、第三句和第五句。以第五句为例,按照正常语序应该是:Fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans were missing until recently。但是这种句子结构比较糟糕,因为主语及其修饰语过长(从句首直到cetaceans),而谓语部分were missing until recently较短,容易造成头重脚轻的效果。第五句将missing提前,避免了这一现象。

  上面就是今天分享的托福阅读策略的详细内容,希望大家认真看,从中总结经验技巧,更好的做好托福阅读,拿高分。以上就是说今日上海优培锐为大伙儿详细介绍的內容,假如您有没有什么搞不懂的地,能够网上咨询们的教师或是拨通们的服务热线4008-127-255优培会与大伙儿共渡此次困难。


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